Research area: bioinformatics

gkm-DNN: efficient prediction using gapped k-mer features and deep neural networks

Created on 31st July 2017

Zhen Cao; Shihua Zhang;

How to extract informative features from genome sequence is a challenging issue. Gapped k-mers frequency vectors (gkm-fv) has been presented as a new type of features in the last few years. Coupled with support vector machine (gkm-SVM), gkm-fvs have been used to achieve an effective sequence-based prediction (e.g., transcription factor binding site prediction). However, the huge computation of a large kernel matrix prevents it from using large amount of data. To this end, we proposed a flexible and scalable framework gkm-DNN to achieve feature representation and prediction from high-dimensional gkm-fvs using deep neural networks (DNN). We first implemented an efficient method to calculate the gkm-fv of a given sequence. We then adopted a DNN model with gkm-fvs as input to achieve a prediction task. Here, we took the transcription factor binding site prediction as an illustrative application. We applied gkm-DNN onto 467 small and 69 big human ENCODE ChIP-seq datasets to demonstrate its performance and compared it with the state-of-the-art method gkm-SVM. We demonstrated that gkm-DNN can not only overcome the drawbacks of high dimensionality, colinearity and sparsity of gkm-fvs, but also make comparable overall performance and distinct better accuracy compared with gkm-SVM in much shorter time. Moreover, gkm-DNN can be easily adapted to other applications and combine different types of data using computational graphs.

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Review Summary

# Status Date
Anshul Kundaje Completed 31 Jul 2017 View review